The Canary Islands has a rich history of flora and fauna which is found on all of the Canary Islands and is of keen interests for biologists. The Island has captured the attention of millions of biologists all across the world for centuries to research the variety of unique flora and fauna of the island and has become the best source of study of the planet’s wildlife. The species found in the Canary Islands go beyond seven hundred different types of plants and animals out of which at least one hundred species are not found anywhere else in the world. They are also unique because some of the species became extinct all over the world apart from on the Canary Islands during the ice age. This explains why the Canary Islands are called ‘The Heart of Botany’.
The Canary Islands are a home to several unique species of birds: – Bolle’s Pigeon (Columba bollix), Laurel Pigeon (Columba juvenile), Canary Islands Stonechat (Saxicola active), Canary Islands Chiffchaff (Phylloscopus canaries) and Blue Chaffinch (Fringilla tender). These unique bird species cannot be found anywhere else other than on these islands.
Two endemic terrestrial mammals: The Canary Shrew (Crocidura Canaries) and the Canary Big-eared Bat (Plecotus Tenerife) are also the inhabitants of the great canary islands.
Also, many North African bird species enjoy their homes on the island. The islands broke free of Africa and since then they have undergone the process of weathering which has resulted in more than 2000 species of vascular plants taking refuge on the islands. More than 40% of these are unique of its kind and are only found on the Canary Islands. As well as birds and plants there are also 14 unique species of reptiles on the islands.
Cañadas del Teide National Park, the first of its kind has mountains and ravines which make the perfect climates for an array of plants. There are 139 species discovered in this park out of which 15 have their origin in this park. Among these plants, we found Daisy, wallflower, and violet which originated here.
Timanfaya National Park is a desert which emerged many years after a volcano erupted. There were 240 species discovered in this garden with endemic species including curly dock, Wild Leek, Odontospermum intermedium, curly dock and Aeonium lance rot tense.
Garajonay National Park on the La Gomera Island is a forest which is impossible to enter into. It is dense and thick and shelters some famous names for botanists which are Echium gentian oi des, Euphorbia balsam ifere, Aichryson tortuous and “be”.
The Caldera de Taburiente National Park on La Palma Island is home to dense Canary Island Pines, the rare La Palma violet and the rockrose, known as amagante.